Profiles in Public Health: Frederick Dodge Mott

Frederick Dodge Mott

Developed First Hospital Insurance Plan in North America

Dr. Frederick Dodge Mott was a pioneer and innovator in the provision of better public health and personal health services in both the United States and Canada. Born in Wooster, Ohio, in 1904, son of YMCA movement founder John R. Mott, he obtained a BA from Princeton University in 1927 and then an MD, CM from McGill University in 1932. His career in health services administration involved major responsibilities in both Canada and the United States. In 1937 to 1946, Dr. Mott engaged in rural health activities among low-income farmers and migratory farm workers in the United States and was commissioned in the United States Public Health Service during the Second World War, serving concurrently as Chief Medical Officer of the United States Farm Security Administration and as Chief of the Health Services Branch, Office of Labor, War Food Administration. After the war, he served during 1946 to 1951 as Chairman of the Saskatchewan Health Services Planning Commission and from 1949 through 1951 as Acting Deputy Minister of Public Health, when the first hospital insurance program in North America, the Saskatchewan Hospital Services Plan, was organized and operated. In 1952 to 1957, Dr. Mott was in charge of hospital and ambulatory care facilities established by the United Mine Workers Welfare to upgrade health care in the Appalachian area of Kentucky, West Virginia and Virginia. In 1957 to 1964, as Executive Director of the Community Health Association of Detroit, Dr. Mott again demonstrated his social leadership within the health professions. In 1966, he came again to Canada as Professor of Medical Care in the Department of Health Services Administration in the School of Hygiene at the University of Toronto, actively engaged in teaching, research and consultation until he retired in 1972. Dr. Mott, with Dr. Milton I. Roemer, co-authored Rural Health and Medical Care, and has contributed many papers on the organization and financing of personal health services. He has served on the board of CPHA, the Advisory Council for the College of Medicine, Saskatchewan, the American Public Health Association, the Group Health Association of America, and was a member of the World Health Organization Expert Advisory Panel on Organization of Medical Care. Dr. Frederick Dodge Mott was awarded CPHA’s Honorary Life Membership in 1974.

(Canadian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 65, March/April 1974)